classic_benz-patent_patent-motorwagenThe first stationary automobile was a gasoline powered vehicle developed by Carl Benz having one-cylinder two-stroke engine which ran for the first time on New Year’s Eve 1879. Benz had so much commercial success with this engine that he was able to devote more time to his dream of creating a lightweight car powered by a gasoline engine, in which the chassis and engine formed a single unit.

The two-seater vehicle, which was completed in 1885 consists of a compact high-speed single-cylinder four-stroke engine installed horizontally at the rear, the tubular steel frame, the differential and three wire-spoked wheels. The engine output was 0.75 hp (0.55 kW). Details included an automatic intake slide, a controlled exhaust valve, high-voltage electrical vibrator ignition with spark plug, and water/thermo siphon evaporation cooling.

Benz-patent-motor-car-1888-among-other-things-spoked-wooden-wheels-were-a-feature-of-the-third-evolutionary-version-of-this-carOn January 29, 1886, Benz applied for a patent for his “vehicle powered by a gas engine.” The patent – number 37435 – may be regarded as the birth certificate of the automobile.

In July 1886 the newspapers reported on the first public outing of the three-wheeled Benz Patent Motor Car, model no. 1.



First Journey by an Automobile : Long distance journey by Bartha Benz

By using an improved version of the automobile  without her husband’s knowledge, Benz’s wife Bartha and their two sons Eugen  and Richard  embarked on the first long-distance journey in automotive history on an August day in 1888. The route covered distance from Mannheim to Pforzheim, her place of birth. With this journey of 180 kilometers including the return trip Bertha Benz demonstrated the practicality of the motor vehicle to the entire world. Without her daring – and that of her sons – and the decisive stimuli that resulted from it, the subsequent growth of Benz & Cie. in Mannheim to become the world’s largest automobile plant of its day would have been unthinkable.

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